Housing Statistics from the National Council on Disability’s report The State of Housing in America in the 21st Century: A Disability Perspective:

  • Currently, about 35.1 million households have one or more people with a disability—nearly one-third of all U.S. households in 2007. In addition, about 1.6 million people live in nursing homes and another half million in group homes.
  • It is estimated that about 2.4 million households with nonelderly people with disabilities, including 1 million families with children, have worst-case housing needs—nearly 40 percent of all worst-case housing needs in the United States.
  • 1.3 million “elderly households” (age 62 years or older) have worst-case housing needs, with many likely also to have a disability. Most are very low income, and are paying more than half their monthly income for rent.
  • It is estimated that at least 43 percent of the homeless adults that stayed in a shelter—about 421,000 people—had a self-reported disability. This does not include homeless children with disabilities n shelters or the estimated 282,000 people homeless each night that are living on the streets, in abandoned buildings, or elsewhere not intended for human habitation. While estimates vary, a large portion of this total is likely to include veterans.
  • National housing survey data indicates that hundreds of thousands of people with disabilities need some form of modification to make their homes accessible. The majority need grab bars and ramps, which cost relatively little to greatly improve people’s lives.
  • About 11 percent of the U.S. population has some level of chemical sensitivity (CS) that is likely to require housing that is free of disabling environmental triggers. Unless housing is universally designed to accommodate different sensitivities, it is better for some with CS to live in segregated housing that ensures control over potential exposures.
  • More than 300,000 people with psychiatric disabilities currently living in segregated housing could benefit from more integrated and least restrictive housing options.
  • Among people below the age of 65, people with disabilities are more likely than people without disabilities to rent their home (37% compared to 31%).