5.2 Percent of School-Age Children Have a Disability
A new report using data from the 2010 American Community Survey concludes that some 2.8 million children ages 5-17–or about 5.2 percent of that population–have a disability.
The data covers public school children in the civilian, non-institutionalized population across the nation–about 53.9 million total. The incidence of a disability is greater in children covered in the survey who live outside a major metropolitan area–6.3 percent of such children are identified as having a disability, compared with 5.0 percent of children who live in a metro area–and children with a disability were more likely to experience cognitive difficulties than any other disability type. As could be expected, many of these children learn best when receiving special education services.
For Maryland, the survey counted 922,626 children ages 5-17 living in metropolitan areas of the state; of that group, 4.9 percent were said to have a disability; there were 50,819 children living outside metro areas, of which 6.3 percent were said to have a disability. The numbers have a great implication as Maryland’s General Assembly considers the state’s education budget for the coming years.
For more information about disability in the United States, go to the U.S. Census Bureau website on disability or contact the Health and Disability Statistics Branch of the Census Bureau at 301-763-9112 or e-mail firstname.lastname@example.org.